Curling is a sports game in which two teams slide stones (also called rocks) on a sheet of ice towards a target area (house). The team scores one point for each of its own stones located or touching the house that are closer to the tee than any stone of the opposition.
Sports Disciplines included into the Winter Universiade 2019
The team consists of four players that throw stones and one reserve player. Each player delivers two stones, in consecutive order in each end, while alternating with an opponent. One game consists of 10 ends. If a game is tied after 10 ends, an extra end is played. Each team must complete its play within a limited time of 38 minutes (thinking time). A team that has not finished the game within the time limit is given a forfeit.
Men's tournament up to 10 Teams
Women's tournamentu up to 10 Teams
Curr - is a Scottish verb that describes a low growl or roar. This sound is produced by a stone rolling on the ice. It is assumed that this sound gave the name for this sport.
The first actual evidence of Curling was found at the bottom of a drained pond in Dunblane, Scotland. The stone which was the predecessor of the modern curling stone had stamped date of manufacture - 1511.
In 1737, the first Curling club was established in the province of Fife where the oldest man-made curling rink is located, a dam-fenced pond with a size of 100 x 250 meters.
Curling stones are made of granite and weigh between 17.24kg and 19.96kg.
The dead bodies of the victims of the Titanic drowned in 1912 near the coast of Canada were sent to Nova Scotia, the Mayflower Curling Club on Agricola Street in Halifax, as this building was the coldest in the city.
Curling, with its more than 500-year history, is one of the oldest sports games. However, accurate information about the time and place of origin of the game does not exist. Evidence based on objects of art, contemporary literature and archaeological finds points to Scotland as the home of the game and to the beginning of the 16th century as the time of its appearance.
The significant popularity of Curling in Scotland in the 18th century was the driving force behind the creation of a single set of rules for players all over the country. A huge role in this creation was played by the emerging Curling communities. The oldest curling club in the world is the Association of the city of Kilsyth players located in Scotland, founded in 1716.
The first curling association that united many separate curling clubs was established in 1838 in Edinburgh. It was called The Royal Caledonian Curling Club (RCCC). This club served as the international governing body for curling until 1966.
The World Curling Federation was founded on April 1, 1966 and at that time it consisted of 7 national federations. The Federation was initially formed as a committee of the Royal Caledonian Curling Club. A significant adjustment was made in 1982 when the federation was declared an independent entity and approved as the governing body for world curling. The Royal Caledonian Curling Club was acknowledged as the "mother club" of curling.
The first mention of curling in Russia can be found in the publications of the Royal Scottish Curling club which refers to the establishment of the club in 1873 in Moscow and in 1876 in St. Petersburg for sports entertainment of foreign diplomats and entrepreneurs.
In modern Russia curling as a sport appeared in 1991 in St. Petersburg. Konstantin Zadvornov and Grigory Filimonov initiated the development of Curling in Russia.
In December 1991, the Russian Curling Federation was established which a few months later, in April 1992, was recognized by the World Curling Federation.
Dmitry Svishchev occupies the position of President of the Russian Curling Federation from 2010 to the present time.